Denial of Unemployment Insurance in Ohio
Learning about denied unemployment assistance is a top priority for many Ohio residents who are in need of support after no longer being employed full-time. While the unemployment program in Ohio is designed to help eligible residents struggling to find long-term, full-time employment, not everyone who wishes to be enrolled in the program will be granted acceptance. If you are denied unemployment benefits, it is crucial to know which steps should be taken next. Many employment applicants may be wondering, “Can I file an unemployment denial appeal in Ohio?” and, “What can I do if unemployment denied benefits are not granted to me after appealing?” To get answers to these questions and more, read the rest of the details on this page.
Reasons for Denied Unemployment Benefits in Ohio
Receiving notice of denied unemployment support is the result of not meeting the standards for enrollment that are managed by the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS). An unemployment benefits denied notice will be sent in the mail explaining the reason for your denial. One of the most common reason for Ohio unemployment benefits denial is not earning enough income in your designated base period to warrant employment benefits. When learning how to apply for unemployment, the Department will look at your past income from either the last 12 or 18 months (the base period) to understand how much income you are losing due to being unemployed. However, if you are not losing a large amount of income by being unemployed, you will most likely be denied enrollment. Download our free guide to read more about unemployment eligibility.
Another common reason for receiving an Ohio unemployment compensation benefits denied notice is the reason for your unemployment. Many eligible reasons for being unemployed include being laid off, being terminated without just cause or losing work to a labor dispute lockout. Those who quit their positions can claim unemployment if they quit because their employers violated the terms of the employment agreement, the employer did not provide safe working conditions or the employer is involved in immoral or illegal activities. Denial of unemployment compensation will likely occur if it is established that the reason you are not working is not considered one of these eligible reasons.
You can still be denied unemployment benefits even if you are already enrolled in the program. Unemployment benefits recipients are responsible for continuing to seek full-time employment in their trades or professional fields on a weekly basis by applying to at least two applicable employers per week. Written records of your efforts to find employment must be kept and given to the ODJFS on a regular basis. Failure to prove that you are regularly looking for work can warrant a denial of benefits. Learn more about what you must do to maintain unemployment benefits and avoid denial by downloading our complimentary guide.
Filing an Unemployment Denial Appeal in Ohio
You can file for an unemployment appeal if you disagree with the decision made by the ODJFS. You will have 21 days after the date issued on your letter of denial to file the appeal. You can construct a letter detailing your personal information, such as your Social Security Number and the reason you believe you should not have been denied benefits. You should include any documentation that validates your request to appeal, so you qualify to receive unemployment benefits. You can also process an appeal online through a system provided by the ODJFS.
After the Denied Unemployment Benefits Appeal has been processed, you will receive notice of a redetermination. Yet, in some cases, the ODJFS will pass your appeal on to the Unemployment Compensation Review Commission (UCRC). If you disagree with the redetermination of your benefits, you can file an appeal within 21 days of the redetermination being issued. This will give your case over to the UCRC, where the team will then issue you information on whether or not your case qualifies for a hearing. If your case is taken to a hearing and you still do not agree with the decision made at the hearing, you will need to take your case to the Common Pleas Court of Ohio. This Court must be located in the county in which you live, or were previously employed. The unemployment denial appeal must be filed with this court within 30 days of the decision made by the UCRC hearing.
Information about your denied unemployment compensation benefits will be reviewed by the Common Pleas Court, as well as a certified transcript of the hearing provided by the UCRC. If you are denied at this court level, you can file a civil case for further action.
Additional Information on Denied Unemployment Support in Ohio
If unemployment benefits denied warrants the need to appeal, you will be responsible for finding your own legal representation, as the ODJFS will not appoint an attorney to those filing unemployment appeals. However, the process of filing an appeal because of unemployment benefits denial does not require that you use legal representation, although it is highly advisable that you do use an attorney if you are taking the appeal to the Common Pleas Court – or beyond. If you have proof that you are eligible for receiving unemployment benefits, you must provide this information or documentation during every step of the appeals process. Read more about unemployment denial appeals in our free, downloadable guide.