Unemployment Insurance Extensions in Ohio
An unemployment benefits extension is used to continue to provide government assistance to those seeking full-time work. A federal unemployment extension is used to help states fund benefit compensation to those who are eligible for the unemployment programs in their states pf residence. However, an unemployment extension is usually issued in times of economic hardship or high unemployment rates. This means that the process surrounding how to get an unemployment extension will most likely not be in effect if unemployment rates are low, and the economy is stable. Regardless, many Ohio residents still ask questions like, “How can I extend unemployment insurance?” or, “What can I do to extend unemployment benefits in Ohio?” To find out more about unemployment program extensions, read the sections listed below.
How do Ohio unemployment extensions work?
In times of economic need, federal unemployment extensions will be made available by the President of the United States. From there, the governor of each state has the ability to sign an agreement about the extension of unemployment compensation, which allows federal funds to be used to allow qualified residents to receive unemployment benefits for longer than the standard period of 26 weeks.
Each unemployment support extension has its own terms for how the extension is structured. For example, Ohio participated in the Emergency Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2008. This federal unemployment extension allowed for 33 weeks of additional unemployment support, and came with details on how each state that took part in the extension should run the program. In Ohio, only those who took the steps to apply for unemployment after a certain date in 2007 were be applicable. And, only those who had exhausted all 26 weeks of benefits were eligible.
Most extensions of unemployment benefits operate on a two- or four- tiered system. Each tier changes the amount of compensation that can be received by each participant in the tier, as based on his or her previous income. The fourth (or last) tier will provide the smallest quantity of unemployment benefits. Also, each tier will last for a smaller portion of time. For example, the Ohio unemployment extension in 2008 allowed Tier 1 applicants to have 20 more weeks of benefits. If they exhausted their Tier 1 benefits and were still applicable for unemployment benefits, the applicants would be allowed to receive Tier 2 benefits for an additional 13 weeks.
Qualifying for Unemployment Extension in Ohio
As stated above, a federal unemployment extension is only available in times of high unemployment. There is no extension program made available by the federal government at this time. However, if there was a need for an extension in your state, you would need to apply for unemployment benefits through the standard procedures. This would include filling out the needed forms and providing required information about your previous employment and wages. Most federal extensions for unemployment require that applicants must have worked for 20 weeks in a row before losing their employment to qualify. Additionally, you will need to prove that you are not working full-time through no fault of your own. This includes losing employment due to the following:
- A labor dispute lockout
- Being fired without a just cause
- Quitting because the employer did not provide a safe work environment
- Quitting because the employer broke the terms in your employment agreement, or was involved in illegal activity
Your former employer will be called to verify the reason you are no longer working for him or her. If the reason for your unemployment cannot be determined or is proven to be false, you will not be eligible for enrolling in unemployment benefits or an unemployment extension. Learn more about unemployment eligibility by downloading our complimentary guide.
If an Ohio unemployment compensation extension has been instituted, you will need to maintain eligibility to remain in the program and qualify for extensions. Ohio residents who receive unemployment assistance will need to prove that they are applying for at least two job openings in their fields or trades per week. If an unemployment beneficiary is not looking for work or is not ready, willing or able to work when gainful employment has been offered to him or her, he or she will no longer be qualified to receive unemployment benefits. When an extension of unemployment is available, and you are already enrolled in the program, you will be notified by mail if you are able to take part in the extension of benefits.
Trade Adjustment Assistance in Ohio
However, there is something you can do to extend unemployment benefits in the state of Ohio without a federal extension being put in place. Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) is a program that allows certain individuals to remain on unemployment benefits for up to 130 weeks, as long as they continue to follow the guidelines of the program. TAA is available to those who do not have the skills to find decent employment and could benefit from being trained in a particular skill to eventually gain employment. The 130 weeks of maximum TAA benefits allows enrollees to have the time to learn new skills, so they can effectively look for employment once their training is complete. This program is not considered a form of a federal extension for unemployment benefits, and therefore, rules and regulations about TAA programs vary from state to state.
Read more about the Ohio unemployment program by downloading our comprehensive guide.